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- Kamran Hacıyev
- 18 Aug, 2023
- 2 dəq
The movement of highly skilled and educated people from developing countries to work abroad, commonly known as brain drain or human capital flight, has become a significant concern. Many individuals with science and technology backgrounds from third-world countries are opting to move to more prosperous nations in search of better pay and working conditions. This trend has serious consequences for the countries they leave behind.
While some people view immigration as a personal choice that should be respected, others see it from a different angle. It's essential to examine why educated individuals decide to leave their countries, and we must differentiate between push and pull factors. Push factors include low wages, unsatisfactory working and living conditions, social unrest, political conflicts, and wars. On the other hand, pull factors include opportunities for intellectual freedom and substantial funding for research.
Brain drain negatively impacts the economic prospects and competitiveness of the sending countries. It reduces the pool of dynamic and creative individuals who could contribute to the country's development. Additionally, as more entrepreneurs invest their resources abroad, developing countries miss out on opportunities for creating wealth. This, in turn, has adverse effects on tax revenue and employment.
Efforts to address brain drain have not been successful thus far. To tackle this issue, a broader perspective is needed, considering the provision of better working and living conditions in the sending countries. Another approach could involve encouraging expatriates to contribute their skills to their home countries' development without necessarily physically relocating.